The new version of AirStrike

Finally, I have released the latest version of AirStrike today, you can download this version directly through the below widget.

In this version, the highest level still remains at level three but there are lots of changes have been made on the previous version, particularly on the movement part of the horizontal moving enemy ship which I had mentioned before in the previous post. Besides that, I have also found out that the game level which has been saved during the game will not get reloaded in the previous version of the game because of the unknown reason which I am still trying to figure it out, so temporary the entire game will be included in a zip file, after you have unzipped the game, you will find a hello folder which contains all the game files and a hello application file, right click on that hello application file will start the game. If it is your first time running the game on windows 10 then you will see a pop up window asking whether you want to continue running the game or not, just click on the’ more’ link then select run anyway to start the game. This game is currently only for the Windows 10 user but it might also for Linux and OSX user in the future.

I am working on the next level of the game and hopefully, pretty soon a new version will be released on the major gaming website. If you have any question regarding the game do leave your comment on the comment box below.

Increase the speed of the enemy ship

Hello friend, I wish you all have a nice day. After near to a month of continuing to develop this latest pygame project, today I have finally completely finished all three stages of the game and fixed most of the bugs that I can find during gameplay. Today I will put forward the last piece of code that will speed up the enemy ship a little bit during the game by changing the vertical speed of the enemy ship during the game. Only one file is involved in this process which is the enemy manager class file.

from Enemy import Enemy
from GameSprite import GameSprite
from pygame.locals import *
from EnemyMissileManager import EnemyMissileManager
import random
from Objectpool import Objectpool
from Enemy1 import Enemy1

class EnemyManager(object):

    def __init__(self, scene, player, game_level):

        self.enemy_missile_manager = EnemyMissileManager()
        self.scene = scene
        self.player = player
        self.enemy_count = 10
        self.horizontal_enemy_count = 1
        self.missile_count = 60
        self.enemy_list = []
        self.horizontal_enemy_list = []
        self.image = 'Asset/enemy0.png'
        self.image1 =  'Asset/enemy1.png'
        self.image2 = 'Asset/enemy2.png'
        self.width = 30
        self.height = 30
        self.width1 = 130
        self.height1 = 130
        self.rect = Rect(0, 0, self.width, self.height)
        self.rect1 = Rect(0, 0, self.width1, self.height1)
        self.more_enemy = 0
        self.y = -50
        self.boundary_width = 660
        self.boundary_height = 660
        self.object_pool = Objectpool(self.enemy_count)
        self.horizontal_object_pool = Objectpool(self.horizontal_enemy_count)
        self.next_enemy = 0
        self.level = game_level

        # initialize game sprite object
        self.sprite = GameSprite(self.image, self.rect)
        self.sprite1 = GameSprite(self.image1, self.rect)
        self.sprite2 = GameSprite(self.image2, self.rect1)

    def create_enemy(self, x, y):

        if(self.enemy_count > 0):

            if(self.object_pool.getSize() > 0): # get the ship from object pool if the pool is not empty
                self.enemy_list.append(self.object_pool.obtain())
            else: # objects setup based on the level of the game
                if(self.level == 1):
                    self.enemy_surface = self.sprite.getImage()
                elif(self.level == 2 or self.level == 3):
                    if(self.next_enemy == 0):
                        self.enemy_surface = self.sprite.getImage()
                        self.next_enemy += 1
                    elif(self.next_enemy == 1):
                        self.enemy_surface = self.sprite1.getImage()
                        self.next_enemy = 0
                self.enemy_list.append(Enemy(self.enemy_surface, x, y))
            self.enemy_count -= 1

    def create_horizontal_enemy(self, x, y):

        if (self.horizontal_enemy_count > 0):

            if (self.horizontal_object_pool.getSize() > 0):  # get the ship from object pool if the pool is not empty
                self.horizontal_enemy_list.append(self.horizontal_object_pool.obtain())
            else:  # objects setup based on the level of the game
                if (self.level == 3):
                    self.enemy_surface1 = self.sprite2.getImage()
                self.horizontal_enemy_list.append(Enemy1(self.enemy_surface1, x, y))
            self.horizontal_enemy_count -= 1


    def update(self):

        if (self.level == 1 or self.level == 2):

            if (self.more_enemy > 600):
                self.more_enemy = 0
                x = random.randint(30, self.boundary_width - 50)
                self.create_enemy(x , self.y)  # create more enemy
            else:
                self.more_enemy += 1 # increase time

        elif(self.level == 3):

            if (self.more_enemy > 600):
                self.more_enemy = 0
                x = random.randint(30, self.boundary_width - 50)
                self.create_enemy(x , self.y)  # create more enemy
            else:
                self.more_enemy += 1 # increase time

            if(self.horizontal_enemy_count > 0):
                self.create_horizontal_enemy(-130, 200)  # create new enemy

        self.create_enemy_missile()
        self.enemy_update()
        self.check_boundary()

    def create_enemy_missile(self):

        for item in list(self.enemy_list):

            if(self.player.pos.y - item.y  < 200 and abs(self.player.pos.x - item.x) < 160):

                item.create_enemy_missile(self.enemy_missile_manager)

        if(self.level == 3):

            for item in list(self.horizontal_enemy_list):
                item.create_enemy_missile(self.enemy_missile_manager)

    def enemy_update(self):

        for item in list(self.enemy_list):

            if(item.on == False):
                self.enemy_list.remove(item)
                self.enemy_count += 1
                item.y = self.y
                item.on = True
                self.object_pool.recycle(item)
            else:
                if ((self.player.pos.y - item.y < 200 and self.player.pos.y - item.y > -2) and abs(self.player.pos.x - item.x) < 200):
                    item.update((self.player.pos.x - item.x) * 0.004, 0.2)
                else:
                    item.update(0, 0.2)

        if (self.level == 3):

            for item in list(self.horizontal_enemy_list):

                if (item.on == False):

                    self.horizontal_enemy_count += 1
                    item.y = 220

                    if(item.direction == True):
                        item.x = 800
                        item.direction = False
                    else:
                        item.x = -130
                        item.direction = True
                    self.horizontal_enemy_list.remove(item)
                    item.on = True
                    self.horizontal_object_pool.recycle(item)

                else:
                    item.update()

    # check the boundary of the enemy ship with the game scene area
    def check_boundary(self):

        for i in range(len(self.enemy_list)):
            if (self.enemy_list[i].y > self.boundary_height):
                self.enemy_list[i].on = False

        if (self.level == 3):
            for i in range(len(self.horizontal_enemy_list)):
                if (self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].x > self.boundary_width):
                    self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].direction = False
                elif(self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].x <= -130):
                    self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].direction = True

    def draw(self):

        # blit the enemy and enemy missiles on  the scene
        for i in range(len(self.enemy_list)):
            self.scene.blit(self.enemy_list[i].enemy_surface, self.enemy_list[i].enemy_pos)
            self.enemy_list[i].missile_draw(self.scene)

        if(self.level == 3):
            for i in range(len(self.horizontal_enemy_list)):
                self.scene.blit(self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].enemy_surface, self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].enemy_pos)
                self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].missile_draw(self.scene)

With that last piece of code in place now we will be ready to move on to the next stage of the game. As you can see the first three levels of the game are fairly easy and simple but when we move beyond that the game will become very hard because I will include more enemies and more obstacles during the game stage that will make it very hard for a player to win that stage. If you have not yet downloaded the earliest version of this game yet you can do so through below widgets, those latest updates will show up in the next update so stay tuned.

Download Air Strike

The next pygame has started and the game progress will be posted on this same website together with this previous pygame project.

Increase the points that need to win the game

What is up buddy? In this article, we will continue to edit our pygame project by increasing the difficulty to win this game. 1) We will increase the points that we need to win the game by double. 2) We will also increase the damage points to 3 instead of 1 when the player gets hit by the missile from the horizontal moving enemy ship. We only need to update one file to make those changes, the overlap class.

We will come back and do more editions on this file later on but for now, let us edit the above-mentioned items first.

from pygame.locals import *

class Overlap(object):

    def __init__(self):
        pass # nothing here

    # is player and enemy, player missile, enemy missile overlap
    def isOverlap(self, player, em, ex, score, gm):

        self.checkOverlap(em.enemy_list, player, ex, gm, score, em.width, em.height, em.enemy_missile_manager.width, em.enemy_missile_manager.height, None)

        if(gm.level_manager.get_level() == 3):
            self.checkOverlap(em.horizontal_enemy_list, player, ex, gm, score, em.width1, em.height1, em.enemy_missile_manager.width, em.enemy_missile_manager.height, gm.level_manager.get_level())

    def checkOverlap(self, e_list, player, ex, gm, score, width, height, m_width, m_height, level):

        self.player_rect = Rect(player.pos.x, player.pos.y, player.width, player.height)

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is player collides with enemy

            self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y, width, height)
            if (self.player_rect.colliderect(self.em_rect)):
                e_list[i].on = False
                if (e_list[i].hit == False):
                    ex.create_explosion(player.pos.x + 2, player.pos.y + 2)
                    e_list[i].hit = True
                    gm.state = gm.OVER
                    gm.setup(gm.level_manager.get_level())

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is enemy missile hits player

            for j in range(len(e_list[i].missile_list)):
                self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].missile_list[j].x, e_list[i].missile_list[j].y,
                                    m_width, m_height)
                if (self.player_rect.colliderect(self.em_rect)):
                    e_list[i].missile_list[j].on = False
                    ex.create_explosion(player.pos.x + 2, player.pos.y + 2)
                    if(level == 3):
                        score.set_score(-3)
                    else:
                        score.set_score(-1)
                    if (score.power_y > 100):
                        gm.state = gm.OVER
                        gm.setup(gm.level_manager.get_level())

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is player missile hits enemy

            self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y, width, height)

            for j in range(len(player.getMissileManager().missile_list)):

                self.mm_rect = Rect(player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].x,
                                    player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].y, player.getMissileManager().width,
                                    player.getMissileManager().height)

                if (self.em_rect.colliderect(self.mm_rect)):

                    if (e_list[i].hit == False):
                        ex.create_explosion(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y + 2)
                        e_list[i].hit = True
                        e_list[i].on = False
                        player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].on = False

                        if(level == 3):
                            score.set_score(2)
                        else:
                            score.set_score(1)
                        if (score.score >= gm.level_manager.get_level() * 60):
                            gm.level_manager.increase_level()

The changes above will not be shown in the latest version of this game immediately because I will only update this project once a week. By the way, have you downloaded this game already, if not then you can do so from the below widgets.

Download Air Strike

Tomorrow I will start to write about the next project as well as continue with the present project, so stay tuned.

Lets take a screen shot

Hello, welcome back to the new chapter of this pygame project. Today we are going to create the final feature of the game which is to allow the user to take a screenshot during the game then displays the game scenes just likes a slide show on a new game scene page. Here are what we are going to do:

  1. When the user presses the s key on the keyboard during the game, a screenshot will be taken.
  2. When the user has pressed the scene button on the main page he will be taken to the game’s scene page where he can then view all the screenshots he has taken during the game by navigating with the left and right button on both sides of the page.
  3. If he presses on the back button on the bottom left corner of the page he will be taken back to the main game page.
  4. Each time the screenshot has been taken the latest count value which will be used to increase the filename number will be saved to the count.txt file.
  5. We will need to create the count.txt file by hand first and then enter a 0 value into it which will be used to display the default image file if no screenshot has been taken yet!
  6. The first step we need to do is to create a Screen folder in our project folder which will then be used to keep the left and right navigating images, the count.txt file and all the screenshots that the program has taken.
We need to create the count.txt file by hand

Next, we will create a new Scene class which will be used to display screenshot as well as to take the screenshot.

from BgSprite import BgSprite
from GameSprite import GameSprite
from pygame.locals import *
from pygame import math as mt
import pygame

class Scene(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.scene = scene
        self.screen_folder = 'Screen/'
        self.next_button = 'Screen/right_arrow.png'
        self.previous_button = 'Screen/left_arrow.png'
        self.home_button = 'Asset/back.png'

        self.bg_rect = Rect(0, 0, 660, 660)
        self.next_button_rect = Rect(0, 0,  30, 30)
        self.previous_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 30, 30)
        self.home_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 40, 30)
        self.count = 0
        self.next = 1
        self.open_file()
        self.setup()

        self.previous_button_sprite = GameSprite(self.previous_button, self.previous_button_rect)
        self.next_button_sprite = GameSprite(self.next_button, self.next_button_rect)
        self.sprite_home_button = GameSprite(self.home_button, self.home_button_rect)


        self.previous_button_surface = self.previous_button_sprite.getImage() # get the button sprite surface
        self.next_button_surface = self.next_button_sprite.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.home_button_surface = self.sprite_home_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface

        self.draw_pos = mt.Vector2(0, 0)
        self.draw_next_button_pos = mt.Vector2(610, 330)
        self.draw_previous_button_pos = mt.Vector2(50, 330)
        self.draw_home_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

    def open_file(self):

        try:
            f = open("Screen/count.txt", "r")

            try:
                if f.mode == 'r':
                    self.f1 = f.readlines()
                    for x in self.f1:
                        self.count = int(x)
            finally:
                f.close()


        except IOError:
            print('Error')

    def setup(self):

        if(self.count > 0):
            self.general_image = 'Screen/' + str(self.next) + 'game.png'
        else:
            self.general_image = 'Asset/general.png'

        self.screen_sprite = BgSprite(self.general_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.screen_surface = self.screen_sprite.getImage()  # get the screen sprite surface


    def take_screen(self): # take screenshot
        self.count += 1
        self.file_path = 'Screen/' + str(self.count) + 'game.png'
        pygame.image.save(self.scene, self.file_path)
        self.save_file()

    def save_file(self):
        try:
            f = open("Screen/count.txt", "w+")
            try:
                f.write(str(self.count))
            finally:
                f.close()
        except IOError:
            print('cannot save a file')

    def set_next_image(self):

        self.next += 1
        if(self.next > self.count):
            self.next = self.count

        self.setup()

    def set_previous_image(self):

        self.next -= 1

        if(self.next <= 0):
            self.next = 1

        self.setup()

    def draw(self):

        self.scene.blit(self.screen_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a game scene sprite
        self.scene.blit(self.previous_button_surface, self.draw_previous_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
        self.scene.blit(self.next_button_surface, self.draw_next_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
        self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_home_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        pygame.display.flip()

The next file we need to edit is the start scene class where we will include the scene button into it which will launch the game’s screenshot page when the user has clicked on it.

from BgSprite import BgSprite
from GameSprite import GameSprite
from pygame.locals import *
from pygame import math as mt
import pygame
import pygame.font as txt

class StartScene(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.scene = scene
        self.play_button = 'Asset/play.png'
        self.about_button  = 'Asset/about.png'
        self.exit_button = 'Asset/exit.png'
        self.scene_button = 'Asset/scene.png'
        self.score_button = 'Asset/score.png'
        self.home_button = 'Asset/back.png'
        self.button_image = 'Asset/button_play.png'
        self.manual_button = 'Asset/manual.png'
        self.bg_image = 'Asset/start.png'
        self.over_image = 'Asset/ove.png'
        self.next_image = 'Asset/next.png'
        self.win_image = 'Asset/winn.png'
        self.general_image = 'Asset/general.png'
        self.about_page = 'Asset/about_page.png'
        self.manual_page = 'Asset/manual_page.png'
        self.soundon = 'Asset/sound.png'
        self.soundoff = 'Asset/soundoff.png'
        self.home_button_image = 'Asset/home.png'
        self.bg_rect = Rect(0, 0, 660, 660)
        self.button_rect = Rect(0, 0,  306, 112)
        self.home_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 200, 53)
        self.back_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 40, 30)
        self.sound_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 29, 30)

        self.sprite = BgSprite(self.bg_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_about = BgSprite(self.about_page, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_manual = BgSprite(self.manual_page, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_win = BgSprite(self.win_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_over = BgSprite(self.over_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_next = BgSprite(self.next_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_pause = BgSprite(self.general_image, self.bg_rect)

        self.soundon_button = GameSprite(self.soundon, self.sound_button_rect)
        self.soundoff_button = GameSprite(self.soundoff, self.sound_button_rect)

        self.soundoff_button_surface = self.soundoff_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.soundon_button_surface = self.soundon_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface

        self.sprite_button = GameSprite(self.button_image, self.button_rect)
        self.sprite_home_pause_button = GameSprite(self.home_button_image, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_scene_button = GameSprite(self.scene_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_manual_button = GameSprite(self.manual_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_exit_button = GameSprite(self.exit_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_play_button = GameSprite(self.play_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_about_button = GameSprite(self.about_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_score_button = GameSprite(self.score_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_home_button = GameSprite(self.home_button, self.back_button_rect)
        self.about_surface = self.sprite_about.getImage()  # get the about sprite surface
        self.manual_surface = self.sprite_manual.getImage()  # get the manual sprite surface
        self.win_surface = self.sprite_win.getImage()  # get the win sprite surface
        self.next_surface = self.sprite_next.getImage()  # get the next level sprite surface
        self.over_surface = self.sprite_over.getImage()  # get the game over sprite surface
        self.pause_surface = self.sprite_pause.getImage()  # get the pause sprite surface
        self.surface = self.sprite.getImage()  # get the start scene sprite surface
        self.button_surface = self.sprite_button.getImage() # get the button sprite surface
        self.home_pause_button_surface = self.sprite_home_pause_button.getImage() # get the button sprite surface
        self.play_button_surface = self.sprite_play_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.about_button_surface = self.sprite_about_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.score_button_surface = self.sprite_score_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.manual_button_surface = self.sprite_manual_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.scene_button_surface = self.sprite_scene_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.home_button_surface = self.sprite_home_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.exit_button_surface = self.sprite_exit_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.draw_pos = mt.Vector2(0, 0)
        self.draw_button_pos = mt.Vector2(177, 274)
        self.draw_play_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 200)
        self.draw_about_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 263)
        self.draw_home_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 263)
        self.draw_score_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 328)
        self.draw_manual_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 393)
        self.draw_exit_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 456)
        self.draw_scene_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 519)
        self.draw_back_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

        self.draw_sound_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

        self.soundon = True

        self.font = txt.Font(None, 90)
        self.score_text = "Top Achievements"
        self.text_width, self.text_height = self.font.size(self.score_text)
        self.x_title = 330 - self.text_width/2
        self.y_title = 20
        self.title_rect = Rect(self.x_title, self.y_title, self.text_width, self.text_height)
        self.title_score_text = self.font.render(self.score_text, 1, (255, 255, 255))

        self.score_value_text = ''
        self.f1 = None
        self.font1 = txt.Font(None, 100)
        self.score_rect = Rect(100, self.y_title+self.text_height, 100, 100)

    def recal_level(self): # get the top 5 levels
        self.count = 0
        self.origin = 0
        try:
            f = open("level.txt", "r")

            try:
                if f.mode == 'r':
                    self.f1 = f.readlines()
                    for x in self.f1:
                        self.count += 1
            finally:
                f.close()

        except IOError:
            print('Error')

    def draw(self, state):

        if(state == 0):

            self.scene.blit(self.surface, self.draw_pos) # draw a start scene sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.play_button_surface, self.draw_play_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.about_button_surface, self.draw_about_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.score_button_surface, self.draw_score_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.manual_button_surface, self.draw_manual_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.exit_button_surface, self.draw_exit_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.scene_button_surface, self.draw_scene_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            if(self.soundon == True):
                self.scene.blit(self.soundon_button_surface, self.draw_sound_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            else:
                self.scene.blit(self.soundoff_button_surface, self.draw_sound_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
        elif(state == 2):
            self.scene.blit(self.over_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a game over sprite

        elif (state == 3):
            self.scene.blit(self.next_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a next level sprite

        elif(state == 4):
            self.scene.blit(self.win_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a win sprite

        elif (state == 5):
            self.scene.blit(self.about_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a about sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 6):
            self.scene.blit(self.manual_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a manual sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 7):
            self.scene.blit(self.pause_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a pause sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.play_button_surface, self.draw_play_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_pause_button_surface, self.draw_home_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 8):
            self.scene.blit(self.pause_surface,  self.draw_pos)  # draw a score sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.title_score_text, self.title_rect) # the score title first

            while(self.count > 0):
                self.count -= 1
                self.origin += 1
                self.score_rect = Rect(130, self.y_title + self.text_height + self.origin * 80, 100, 100)
                self.score_value_text = str(self.count) + ".) Level " + self.f1[self.count][0:1]
                self.value_score_text = self.font1.render(self.score_value_text, 1, (255, 255, 255))
                self.scene.blit(self.value_score_text, self.score_rect)  # the top 5 levels of the game

            if(self.count <= 0):
                self.count = self.origin
                self.origin = 0

            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        if(state == 2 or state == 3 or state == 4):
            self.scene.blit(self.button_surface, self.draw_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        pygame.display.flip()

Then we will need to edit the game manager class which we will add in the mechanism to take the screenshot and to display the screenshot page. We will also include a new scene state variable into this class.

from Player import Player
from Background import Background
from EnemyManager import EnemyManager
from Overlap import Overlap
from ExplosionManager import ExplosionManager
from Score import Score
from StartScene import StartScene
from pygame.locals import *
from LevelManager import LevelManager
import pygame
import webbrowser
from Scene import Scene

class GameManager(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.scene = scene
        self.start_scene = StartScene(scene)
        self.load_music()
        self.play_music()
        self.overlap_manager = Overlap()
        self.level_manager = LevelManager(self)
        self.level_manager.set_level()
        self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

        self.pause = False # flag to pause the game

        self.game_scene = Scene(self.scene)

        #game state
        self.LOAD = 0
        self.GAME = 1
        self.OVER = 2
        self.NEXT = 3
        self.WIN = 4
        self.ABOUT = 5
        self.MANUAL = 6
        self.PAUSE = 7
        self.SCORE = 8
        self.SCENE = 9

        self.state = self.LOAD

    def setup(self, game_level):

        self.game_level = game_level
        self.score_manager = Score(self.scene)
        self.background = Background(self.scene)
        self.player = Player(self.scene)
        self.enemy_manager = EnemyManager(self.scene, self.player, game_level)
        self.explosion_manager = ExplosionManager(self.scene)

    def loop(self):

        if(self.state == self.LOAD):
            self.start_scene.recal_level()
            self.level_manager.set_level()
            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)
        elif(self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.SCORE):
            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)
        elif(self.state == self.SCENE):
            self.game_scene.draw()
        elif(self.state == self.GAME):

            self.update()
            self.draw()

        elif(self.state == self.PAUSE):

            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)

    def isAreaClick(self, pos):
        if (self.state == self.LOAD or self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.SCORE or self.state == self.SCENE or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.PAUSE):
            self.rect = Rect(177, 274, 306, 112) # the position of the play button on the scene
            self.rect_play = Rect(229, 200, 200, 53)  # the position of the play button on the home scene
            self.rect_about = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the about button on the home scene
            self.rect_exit = Rect(229, 456, 200, 53)  # the position of the exit button on the home scene
            self.rect_pause_home = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the home button on pause scene
            self.rect_score = Rect(229, 328, 200, 53)  # the position of the score button on the home scene
            self.rect_manual = Rect(229, 393, 200, 53)  # the position of the manual button on the home scene
            self.rect_scene = Rect(229, 519, 200, 53)  # the position of the manual button on the home scene
            self.rect_back = Rect(10, 620, 40, 30)  # the position of the back button on the home scene
            self.rect_sound = Rect(10, 620, 29, 30) # the position of the sound button on the home scene
            self.rect_scene_next = Rect(610, 330, 30, 30)  # the position of the next scene button on scene
            self.rect_scene_previous = Rect(50, 330, 30, 30)  # the position of the previous scene button on scene
            x, y = pos
            if(self.rect.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN)):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif(self.rect_play.collidepoint(x,y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_play.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.PAUSE):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_about.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.ABOUT
            elif (self.rect_score.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.SCORE
            elif (self.rect_exit.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                exit()
            elif (self.rect_scene.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.SCENE
            elif (self.rect_back.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.SCENE):
                self.state = self.LOAD
            elif (self.rect_scene_next.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.SCENE):
                self.game_scene.set_next_image()
            elif (self.rect_scene_previous.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.SCENE):
                self.game_scene.set_previous_image()
            elif (self.rect_pause_home.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.PAUSE):

                self.state = self.LOAD
                self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

                try:
                    f = open("level.txt", "a+")
                    try:
                        f.write('\n' + str(self.level_manager.get_level()))
                    finally:
                        f.close()
                except IOError:
                    print ('cannot open a file')

            elif (self.rect_manual.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                webbrowser.open_new('http://gamingdirectional.com/')
            elif (self.rect_back.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.SCORE)):
                self.state = self.LOAD
            elif (self.rect_sound.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):

                if(self.start_scene.soundon == True):
                    self.start_scene.soundon = False
                    pygame.mixer_music.pause()
                else:
                    self.start_scene.soundon = True
                    pygame.mixer_music.unpause()

    def set_pause(self, pause):

        self.pause = pause

        if(self.pause == True):

            self.state = self.PAUSE

    def load_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.load('Music/winternight.ogg')

    def play_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.play(-1) #play the music infinite time

    def set_player_x(self, _x):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setX(_x)

    def save_scene(self):
        self.game_scene.take_screen()

    def set_player_y(self, _y):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setY(_y)

    def set_missile_strike(self, strike):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setStrike(strike)

    def update(self):
        self.player.update()
        self.enemy_manager.update()
        self.isOverlap()
        self.explosion_manager.explosion_update()

    # check for player, enemy, missiles overlap
    def isOverlap(self):
        self.overlap_manager.isOverlap(self.player, self.enemy_manager, self.explosion_manager, self.score_manager, self)

    def draw(self):
        if(self.state == self.GAME):
            self.background.draw()
            self.player.draw()
            self.enemy_manager.draw()
            self.explosion_manager.draw()
            self.score_manager.draw()
            pygame.display.flip()

The final file we need to edit is the main file where we will add in the s key pressed event handler which will be used to trigger the game manager to take the screenshot during the game.

With that we have finally concluded the last piece of feature for this pygame project, our next mission is to tune up the game engine, tidy up the code and create better game graphic.

Pygame screenshot slideshow

Create a power bar for pygame project

In this chapter, we are going to create the last piece of game feature which is the player’s power bar, after this, I will do all the touches up to this game project which certainly includes to tidy up the game code before uploading the game to the pygame portal. Alright, let’s get to work.

The first file which we will need to edit is the score manager file where we will create a power bar object on the lower right corner of the game scene. What we will do here is to deduct the height of the original power bar whenever an enemy missile hits the player ship.

The next file which we need to edit is the overlap file where it will be game over if the value of the power_y variable of the score manager has get passed 100 which is equal to the total height of the power bar.

import pygame.font as txt
from pygame.locals import *
from BgSprite import BgSprite
from pygame import math as mt

class Score(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.score = 0
        self.scene = scene
        self.rect = Rect(20,20, 100, 30)
        self.font = txt.Font(None, 30)
        self.score_text = "Score : " + str(self.score)

        #power bar setup

        self.power = 'Asset/power.png'
        self.power_rect = Rect(0, 0, 40, 100)
        self.power_sprite = BgSprite(self.power, self.power_rect)
        self.power_surface = self.power_sprite.getImage()
        self.draw_power_pos = mt.Vector2(600, 540)
        self.power_y = 0
        self.o_p = 100

    def set_score(self, score):

        self.score += score

        if(score < 0):
            self.power_y += 1
            self.draw_power_pos = mt.Vector2(600, 540 - self.power_y)
            self.power_rect = Rect(0, self.power_y, 40, self.o_p - self.power_y)
            self.power_sprite = BgSprite(self.power, self.power_rect)
            self.power_surface = self.power_sprite.getImage()

        self.score_text = "Score : " + str(self.score)

    def draw(self):

        self.text = self.font.render(self.score_text, 1, (255, 255, 255))
        self.scene.blit(self.text, self.rect)

        self.scene.blit(self.power_surface, self.draw_power_pos)
from pygame.locals import *

class Overlap(object):

    def __init__(self):
        pass # nothing here

    # is player and enemy, player missile, enemy missile overlap
    def isOverlap(self, player, em, ex, score, gm):

        self.checkOverlap(em.enemy_list, player, ex, gm, score, em.width, em.height, em.enemy_missile_manager.width, em.enemy_missile_manager.height, None)

        if(gm.level_manager.get_level() == 3):
            self.checkOverlap(em.horizontal_enemy_list, player, ex, gm, score, em.width1, em.height1, em.enemy_missile_manager.width, em.enemy_missile_manager.height, gm.level_manager.get_level())

    def checkOverlap(self, e_list, player, ex, gm, score, width, height, m_width, m_height, level):

        self.player_rect = Rect(player.pos.x, player.pos.y, player.width, player.height)

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is player collides with enemy

            self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y, width, height)
            if (self.player_rect.colliderect(self.em_rect)):
                e_list[i].on = False
                if (e_list[i].hit == False):
                    ex.create_explosion(player.pos.x + 2, player.pos.y + 2)
                    e_list[i].hit = True
                    gm.state = gm.OVER
                    gm.setup(gm.level_manager.get_level())

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is enemy missile hits player

            for j in range(len(e_list[i].missile_list)):
                self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].missile_list[j].x, e_list[i].missile_list[j].y,
                                    m_width, m_height)
                if (self.player_rect.colliderect(self.em_rect)):
                    e_list[i].missile_list[j].on = False
                    ex.create_explosion(player.pos.x + 2, player.pos.y + 2)
                    score.set_score(-1)
                    if (score.power_y > 100):
                        gm.state = gm.OVER
                        gm.setup(gm.level_manager.get_level())

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is player missile hits enemy

            self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y, width, height)

            for j in range(len(player.getMissileManager().missile_list)):

                self.mm_rect = Rect(player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].x,
                                    player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].y, player.getMissileManager().width,
                                    player.getMissileManager().height)

                if (self.em_rect.colliderect(self.mm_rect)):
                    e_list[i].on = False
                    player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].on = False
                    if (e_list[i].hit == False):
                        ex.create_explosion(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y + 2)
                        e_list[i].hit = True

                        if(level == 3):
                            score.set_score(10)
                        else:
                            score.set_score(1)
                        if (score.score >= gm.level_manager.get_level() * 30):
                            gm.level_manager.increase_level()

Power Bar

That is it, our next mission is to create a more exciting moment for the game which you will see in the next chapter.

What is your top achievements?

After the previous article, we have finally been able to create a score scene as I had promised you before in the last article. What this scene does is to list out the latest 5 levels that the player has achieved, if the level count has reached it’s maximum value then the earliest level from the list will be removed and get replaced by the latest level at the end of the list. This program will also remember the latest level a player has reached and when he starts the game again that level will be loaded. We will edit three files to achieve the above outcome. The first file which we will edit is the level manager file where the program will load the latest level when the game has started and then removed an excessive level if the levels have reached their maximun count which is 5 within the set level method. The program will call the set level method each time the player has loaded the game or the player has came back to the main menu scene.

import os

class LevelManager(object):

    def __init__(self, gm):

        self.game_manager = gm
        self.delete_line = False

        self.MAX_LEVEL = 3

    def set_level(self):
        try:
            f = open("level.txt", "r")
            try:
                if f.mode == 'r':
                    self.f1 = f.readlines()
                    if (self.f1.__len__() > 5):
                        self.delete_line = True
                    for x in self.f1:
                        self.level = int(x)

            finally:
                f.close()
        except IOError:
            print('Error')
        if (self.delete_line == True):
            self.delete_line = False
            try:
                f = open("level.txt", "w+")
                try:
                    f.write(''.join(self.f1[1:]))
                finally:
                    f.close()
            except IOError:
                print('cannot open a file')

    def increase_level(self):

        self.level += 1
        if(self.level >  self.MAX_LEVEL):
            self.game_manager.state = self.game_manager.WIN
            self.level = 1
            self.game_manager.setup(self.level)
        else:
            self.game_manager.state = self.game_manager.NEXT
            self.game_manager.setup(self.level)

    def get_level(self):

        return self.level

The next is to set up the score scene which will show the latest levels that the player has reached if he has clicked on the score button on the main menu scene, the maximun levels to show is 5. The recal_level method will be called each time a game has been loaded and whenever the player has loaded the main menu page so the new level can be updated if the player has pressed the home button on the pause scene page.

from BgSprite import BgSprite
from GameSprite import GameSprite
from pygame.locals import *
from pygame import math as mt
import pygame
import pygame.font as txt

class StartScene(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.scene = scene
        self.play_button = 'Asset/play.png'
        self.about_button  = 'Asset/about.png'
        self.exit_button = 'Asset/exit.png'
        self.score_button = 'Asset/score.png'
        self.home_button = 'Asset/back.png'
        self.button_image = 'Asset/button_play.png'
        self.manual_button = 'Asset/manual.png'
        self.bg_image = 'Asset/start.png'
        self.over_image = 'Asset/ove.png'
        self.next_image = 'Asset/next.png'
        self.win_image = 'Asset/winn.png'
        self.general_image = 'Asset/general.png'
        self.about_page = 'Asset/about_page.png'
        self.manual_page = 'Asset/manual_page.png'
        self.soundon = 'Asset/sound.png'
        self.soundoff = 'Asset/soundoff.png'
        self.home_button_image = 'Asset/home.png'
        self.bg_rect = Rect(0, 0, 660, 660)
        self.button_rect = Rect(0, 0,  306, 112)
        self.home_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 200, 53)
        self.back_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 40, 30)
        self.sound_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 29, 30)

        self.sprite = BgSprite(self.bg_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_about = BgSprite(self.about_page, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_manual = BgSprite(self.manual_page, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_win = BgSprite(self.win_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_over = BgSprite(self.over_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_next = BgSprite(self.next_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_pause = BgSprite(self.general_image, self.bg_rect)

        self.soundon_button = GameSprite(self.soundon, self.sound_button_rect)
        self.soundoff_button = GameSprite(self.soundoff, self.sound_button_rect)

        self.soundoff_button_surface = self.soundoff_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.soundon_button_surface = self.soundon_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface

        self.sprite_button = GameSprite(self.button_image, self.button_rect)
        self.sprite_home_pause_button = GameSprite(self.home_button_image, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_manual_button = GameSprite(self.manual_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_exit_button = GameSprite(self.exit_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_play_button = GameSprite(self.play_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_about_button = GameSprite(self.about_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_score_button = GameSprite(self.score_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_home_button = GameSprite(self.home_button, self.back_button_rect)
        self.about_surface = self.sprite_about.getImage()  # get the about sprite surface
        self.manual_surface = self.sprite_manual.getImage()  # get the manual sprite surface
        self.win_surface = self.sprite_win.getImage()  # get the win sprite surface
        self.next_surface = self.sprite_next.getImage()  # get the next level sprite surface
        self.over_surface = self.sprite_over.getImage()  # get the game over sprite surface
        self.pause_surface = self.sprite_pause.getImage()  # get the pause sprite surface
        self.surface = self.sprite.getImage()  # get the start scene sprite surface
        self.button_surface = self.sprite_button.getImage() # get the button sprite surface
        self.home_pause_button_surface = self.sprite_home_pause_button.getImage() # get the button sprite surface
        self.play_button_surface = self.sprite_play_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.about_button_surface = self.sprite_about_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.score_button_surface = self.sprite_score_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.manual_button_surface = self.sprite_manual_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.home_button_surface = self.sprite_home_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.exit_button_surface = self.sprite_exit_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.draw_pos = mt.Vector2(0, 0)
        self.draw_button_pos = mt.Vector2(177, 274)
        self.draw_play_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 200)
        self.draw_about_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 263)
        self.draw_home_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 263)
        self.draw_score_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 328)
        self.draw_manual_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 393)
        self.draw_exit_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 456)
        self.draw_back_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

        self.draw_sound_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

        self.soundon = True

        self.font = txt.Font(None, 90)
        self.score_text = "Top Achievements"
        self.text_width, self.text_height = self.font.size(self.score_text)
        self.x_title = 330 - self.text_width/2
        self.y_title = 20
        self.title_rect = Rect(self.x_title, self.y_title, self.text_width, self.text_height)
        self.title_score_text = self.font.render(self.score_text, 1, (255, 255, 255))

        self.score_value_text = ''
        self.f1 = None
        self.font1 = txt.Font(None, 100)
        self.score_rect = Rect(100, self.y_title+self.text_height, 100, 100)

    def recal_level(self): # get the top 5 levels
        self.count = 0
        self.origin = 0
        try:
            f = open("level.txt", "r")

            try:
                if f.mode == 'r':
                    self.f1 = f.readlines()
                    for x in self.f1:
                        self.count += 1
            finally:
                f.close()

        except IOError:
            print('Error')

    def draw(self, state):

        if(state == 0):
            self.scene.blit(self.surface, self.draw_pos) # draw a start scene sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.play_button_surface, self.draw_play_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.about_button_surface, self.draw_about_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.score_button_surface, self.draw_score_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.manual_button_surface, self.draw_manual_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.exit_button_surface, self.draw_exit_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            if(self.soundon == True):
                self.scene.blit(self.soundon_button_surface, self.draw_sound_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            else:
                self.scene.blit(self.soundoff_button_surface, self.draw_sound_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
        elif(state == 2):
            self.scene.blit(self.over_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a game over sprite

        elif (state == 3):
            self.scene.blit(self.next_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a next level sprite

        elif(state == 4):
            self.scene.blit(self.win_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a win sprite

        elif (state == 5):
            self.scene.blit(self.about_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a about sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 6):
            self.scene.blit(self.manual_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a manual sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 7):
            self.scene.blit(self.pause_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a pause sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.play_button_surface, self.draw_play_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_pause_button_surface, self.draw_home_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 8):
            self.scene.blit(self.pause_surface,  self.draw_pos)  # draw a score sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.title_score_text, self.title_rect) # the score title first

            while(self.count > 0):
                self.count -= 1
                self.origin += 1
                self.score_rect = Rect(130, self.y_title + self.text_height + self.origin * 80, 100, 100)
                self.score_value_text = str(self.count) + ".) Level " + self.f1[self.count][0:1]
                self.value_score_text = self.font1.render(self.score_value_text, 1, (255, 255, 255))
                self.scene.blit(self.value_score_text, self.score_rect)  # the top 5 levels of the game

            if(self.count <= 0):
                self.count = self.origin
                self.origin = 0

            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        if(state == 2 or state == 3 or state == 4):
            self.scene.blit(self.button_surface, self.draw_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        pygame.display.flip()

That is basically it, the last file we need to edit is the game manager file where we will add in an extra score state which will be used later on to display the score scene. Besides that, we also added in the machanism to handle this state as we have done before for the other state.

from Player import Player
from Background import Background
from EnemyManager import EnemyManager
from Overlap import Overlap
from ExplosionManager import ExplosionManager
from Score import Score
from StartScene import StartScene
from pygame.locals import *
from LevelManager import LevelManager
import pygame
import webbrowser
import os

class GameManager(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.scene = scene
        self.start_scene = StartScene(scene)
        self.load_music()
        self.play_music()
        self.overlap_manager = Overlap()
        self.level_manager = LevelManager(self)
        self.level_manager.set_level()
        self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

        self.pause = False # flag to pause the game

        #game state
        self.LOAD = 0
        self.GAME = 1
        self.OVER = 2
        self.NEXT = 3
        self.WIN = 4
        self.ABOUT = 5
        self.MANUAL = 6
        self.PAUSE = 7
        self.SCORE = 8

        self.state = self.LOAD

    def setup(self, game_level):

        self.game_level = game_level
        self.score_manager = Score(self.scene)
        self.background = Background(self.scene)
        self.player = Player(self.scene)
        self.enemy_manager = EnemyManager(self.scene, self.player, game_level)
        self.explosion_manager = ExplosionManager(self.scene)

    def loop(self):

        if(self.state == self.LOAD):
            self.start_scene.recal_level()
            self.level_manager.set_level()
            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)
        elif(self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.SCORE):
            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)
        elif(self.state == self.GAME):

            self.update()
            self.draw()

        elif(self.state == self.PAUSE):

            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)

    def isAreaClick(self, pos):
        if (self.state == self.LOAD or self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.SCORE or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.PAUSE):
            self.rect = Rect(177, 274, 306, 112) # the position of the play button on the scene
            self.rect_play = Rect(229, 200, 200, 53)  # the position of the play button on the home scene
            self.rect_about = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the about button on the home scene
            self.rect_exit = Rect(229, 456, 200, 53)  # the position of the exit button on the home scene
            self.rect_pause_home = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the home button on pause scene
            self.rect_score = Rect(229, 328, 200, 53)  # the position of the score button on the home scene
            self.rect_manual = Rect(229, 393, 200, 53)  # the position of the manual button on the home scene
            self.rect_back = Rect(10, 620, 40, 30)  # the position of the back button on the home scene
            self.rect_sound = Rect(10, 620, 29, 30) # the position of the sound button on the home scene
            x, y = pos
            if(self.rect.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN)):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif(self.rect_play.collidepoint(x,y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_play.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.PAUSE):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_about.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.ABOUT
            elif (self.rect_score.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.SCORE
            elif (self.rect_exit.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                exit()
            elif (self.rect_pause_home.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.PAUSE):

                self.state = self.LOAD
                self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

                try:
                    f = open("level.txt", "a+")
                    try:
                        f.write('\n' + str(self.level_manager.get_level()))
                    finally:
                        f.close()
                except IOError:
                    print ('cannot open a file')

            elif (self.rect_manual.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                webbrowser.open_new('http://gamingdirectional.com/')
            elif (self.rect_back.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.SCORE)):
                self.state = self.LOAD
            elif (self.rect_sound.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):

                if(self.start_scene.soundon == True):
                    self.start_scene.soundon = False
                    pygame.mixer_music.pause()
                else:
                    self.start_scene.soundon = True
                    pygame.mixer_music.unpause()

    def set_pause(self, pause):

        self.pause = pause

        if(self.pause == True):

            self.state = self.PAUSE

    def load_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.load('Music/winternight.ogg')

    def play_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.play(-1) #play the music infinite time

    def set_player_x(self, _x):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setX(_x)

    def set_player_y(self, _y):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setY(_y)

    def set_missile_strike(self, strike):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setStrike(strike)

    def update(self):
        self.player.update()
        self.enemy_manager.update()
        self.isOverlap()
        self.explosion_manager.explosion_update()

    # check for player, enemy, missiles overlap
    def isOverlap(self):
        self.overlap_manager.isOverlap(self.player, self.enemy_manager, self.explosion_manager, self.score_manager, self)

    def draw(self):
        if(self.state == self.GAME):
            self.background.draw()
            self.player.draw()
            self.enemy_manager.draw()
            self.explosion_manager.draw()
            self.score_manager.draw()
            pygame.display.flip()

As you can see the code has became hard to read when the game progress but we will leave the tidy up process to the last stage of the game development, as for now we will continue to add in more features to the game in the next chapter.

top 5 latest levels
top 5 latest levels

Create an exit button on the main game menu scene

In this article we will continue with our previous pygame project by creating an exit button on the main game menu scene which when the user clicks on it the program will close the game. We will create the score scene in the next chapter as I have promised in the previous article but in this article we will create the exit button which is also very important for this project. This button will only appear on the main scene. First we will need to edit the start scene class by including this button in it.

from BgSprite import BgSprite
from GameSprite import GameSprite
from pygame.locals import *
from pygame import math as mt
import pygame

class StartScene(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):
        self.scene = scene
        self.play_button = 'Asset/play.png'
        self.about_button  = 'Asset/about.png'
        self.exit_button = 'Asset/exit.png'
        self.score_button = 'Asset/score.png'
        self.home_button = 'Asset/back.png'
        self.button_image = 'Asset/button_play.png'
        self.manual_button = 'Asset/manual.png'
        self.bg_image = 'Asset/start.png'
        self.over_image = 'Asset/ove.png'
        self.next_image = 'Asset/next.png'
        self.win_image = 'Asset/winn.png'
        self.general_image = 'Asset/general.png'
        self.about_page = 'Asset/about_page.png'
        self.manual_page = 'Asset/manual_page.png'
        self.soundon = 'Asset/sound.png'
        self.soundoff = 'Asset/soundoff.png'
        self.home_button_image = 'Asset/home.png'
        self.bg_rect = Rect(0, 0, 660, 660)
        self.button_rect = Rect(0, 0,  306, 112)
        self.home_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 200, 53)
        self.back_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 40, 30)
        self.sound_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 29, 30)

        self.sprite = BgSprite(self.bg_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_about = BgSprite(self.about_page, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_manual = BgSprite(self.manual_page, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_win = BgSprite(self.win_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_over = BgSprite(self.over_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_next = BgSprite(self.next_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_pause = BgSprite(self.general_image, self.bg_rect)

        self.soundon_button = GameSprite(self.soundon, self.sound_button_rect)
        self.soundoff_button = GameSprite(self.soundoff, self.sound_button_rect)

        self.soundoff_button_surface = self.soundoff_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.soundon_button_surface = self.soundon_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface

        self.sprite_button = GameSprite(self.button_image, self.button_rect)
        self.sprite_home_pause_button = GameSprite(self.home_button_image, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_manual_button = GameSprite(self.manual_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_exit_button = GameSprite(self.exit_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_play_button = GameSprite(self.play_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_about_button = GameSprite(self.about_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_score_button = GameSprite(self.score_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_home_button = GameSprite(self.home_button, self.back_button_rect)
        self.about_surface = self.sprite_about.getImage()  # get the about sprite surface
        self.manual_surface = self.sprite_manual.getImage()  # get the manual sprite surface
        self.win_surface = self.sprite_win.getImage()  # get the win sprite surface
        self.next_surface = self.sprite_next.getImage()  # get the next level sprite surface
        self.over_surface = self.sprite_over.getImage()  # get the game over sprite surface
        self.pause_surface = self.sprite_pause.getImage()  # get the pause sprite surface
        self.surface = self.sprite.getImage()  # get the start scene sprite surface
        self.button_surface = self.sprite_button.getImage() # get the button sprite surface
        self.home_pause_button_surface = self.sprite_home_pause_button.getImage() # get the button sprite surface
        self.play_button_surface = self.sprite_play_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.about_button_surface = self.sprite_about_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.score_button_surface = self.sprite_score_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.manual_button_surface = self.sprite_manual_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.home_button_surface = self.sprite_home_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.exit_button_surface = self.sprite_exit_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.draw_pos = mt.Vector2(0, 0)
        self.draw_button_pos = mt.Vector2(177, 274)
        self.draw_play_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 200)
        self.draw_about_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 263)
        self.draw_home_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 263)
        self.draw_score_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 328)
        self.draw_manual_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 393)
        self.draw_exit_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 456)
        self.draw_back_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

        self.draw_sound_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

        self.soundon = True

    def draw(self, state):

        if(state == 0):
            self.scene.blit(self.surface, self.draw_pos) # draw a start scene sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.play_button_surface, self.draw_play_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.about_button_surface, self.draw_about_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.score_button_surface, self.draw_score_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.manual_button_surface, self.draw_manual_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.exit_button_surface, self.draw_exit_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            if(self.soundon == True):
                self.scene.blit(self.soundon_button_surface, self.draw_sound_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            else:
                self.scene.blit(self.soundoff_button_surface, self.draw_sound_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
        elif(state == 2):
            self.scene.blit(self.over_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a game over sprite

        elif (state == 3):
            self.scene.blit(self.next_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a next level sprite

        elif(state == 4):
            self.scene.blit(self.win_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a win sprite

        elif (state == 5):
            self.scene.blit(self.about_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a about sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 6):
            self.scene.blit(self.manual_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a manual sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 7):
            self.scene.blit(self.pause_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a pause sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.play_button_surface, self.draw_play_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_pause_button_surface, self.draw_home_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        if(state == 2 or state == 3 or state == 4):
            self.scene.blit(self.button_surface, self.draw_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        pygame.display.flip()

The next step is to edit the game manager class which will terminate the game after the user has clicked on this button.

from Player import Player
from Background import Background
from EnemyManager import EnemyManager
from Overlap import Overlap
from ExplosionManager import ExplosionManager
from Score import Score
from StartScene import StartScene
from pygame.locals import *
from LevelManager import LevelManager
import pygame
import webbrowser
import os

class GameManager(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.scene = scene
        self.start_scene = StartScene(scene)
        self.load_music()
        self.play_music()
        self.overlap_manager = Overlap()
        self.level_manager = LevelManager(self)

        self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

        self.pause = False # flag to pause the game

        #game state
        self.LOAD = 0
        self.GAME = 1
        self.OVER = 2
        self.NEXT = 3
        self.WIN = 4
        self.ABOUT = 5
        self.MANUAL = 6
        self.PAUSE = 7

        self.state = self.LOAD

    def setup(self, game_level):

        self.game_level = game_level
        self.score_manager = Score(self.scene)
        self.background = Background(self.scene)
        self.player = Player(self.scene)
        self.enemy_manager = EnemyManager(self.scene, self.player, game_level)
        self.explosion_manager = ExplosionManager(self.scene)

    def loop(self):

        if(self.state == self.LOAD or self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL):

            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)

        elif(self.state == self.GAME):

            self.update()
            self.draw()

        elif(self.state == self.PAUSE):

            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)

    def isAreaClick(self, pos):
        if (self.state == self.LOAD or self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.PAUSE):
            self.rect = Rect(177, 274, 306, 112) # the position of the play button on the scene
            self.rect_play = Rect(229, 200, 200, 53)  # the position of the play button on the home scene
            self.rect_about = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the about button on the home scene
            self.rect_exit = Rect(229, 456, 200, 53)  # the position of the about button on the home scene
            self.rect_pause_home = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the home button on pause scene
            self.rect_manual = Rect(229, 393, 200, 53)  # the position of the manual button on the home scene
            self.rect_back = Rect(10, 620, 40, 30)  # the position of the back button on the home scene
            self.rect_sound = Rect(10, 620, 29, 30) # the position of the sound button on the home scene
            x, y = pos
            if(self.rect.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN)):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif(self.rect_play.collidepoint(x,y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_play.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.PAUSE):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_about.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.ABOUT
            elif (self.rect_exit.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                exit()
            elif (self.rect_pause_home.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.PAUSE):

                self.state = self.LOAD
                self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

                try:
                    f = open("level.txt", "w+")
                    try:
                        f.write(str(self.level_manager.get_level()))
                    finally:
                        f.close()
                except IOError:
                    print ('cannot open a file')

            elif (self.rect_manual.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                webbrowser.open_new('http://gamingdirectional.com/')
            elif (self.rect_back.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL)):
                self.state = self.LOAD
            elif (self.rect_sound.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):

                if(self.start_scene.soundon == True):
                    self.start_scene.soundon = False
                    pygame.mixer_music.pause()
                else:
                    self.start_scene.soundon = True
                    pygame.mixer_music.unpause()

    def set_pause(self, pause):

        self.pause = pause

        if(self.pause == True):

            self.state = self.PAUSE

    def load_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.load('Music/winternight.ogg')

    def play_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.play(-1) #play the music infinite time

    def set_player_x(self, _x):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setX(_x)

    def set_player_y(self, _y):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setY(_y)

    def set_missile_strike(self, strike):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setStrike(strike)

    def update(self):
        self.player.update()
        self.enemy_manager.update()
        self.isOverlap()
        self.explosion_manager.explosion_update()

    # check for player, enemy, missiles overlap
    def isOverlap(self):
        self.overlap_manager.isOverlap(self.player, self.enemy_manager, self.explosion_manager, self.score_manager, self)

    def draw(self):
        if(self.state == self.GAME):
            self.background.draw()
            self.player.draw()
            self.enemy_manager.draw()
            self.explosion_manager.draw()
            self.score_manager.draw()
            pygame.display.flip()

That is it, the game manager class will take care of the button click events and will terminate the game if the exit button has been clicked. The development of this game will continue on the next chapter, if you have missed out the previous tutorials then don’t forget to read them all.

Open a text file then write the game level onto it with python

Welcome back, let us continue with our previous pygame project. In this article we will first create a text file which will be used to store the game level. This text file will be called level.txt which will be stored within the project folder. We need to create this text file by hand and type in 1 which is the first level of the game onto it, this level number will be rewritten each and every time the user has pressed the home button on the pause scene to go back to the homepage of the game. The reason why we are not letting the program to create the level.txt file for us is because when we have installed the game on our pc later on our computer’s os might not let the game program to create that text file on it’s won folder due to the security reason, therefore it is always the best practice for the game developer to create our own text file even if it is an empty file so the program will be able to edit that file later on. OK so much for that, lets create the text file first and write the starting level onto it.

pycharm's interface
pycharm’s interface

The next thing we need to do is to edit the level manager class. Now the level variable will directly get the level number from the text file.

import os

class LevelManager(object):

    def __init__(self, gm):

        self.game_manager = gm

        try:
            f = open("level.txt", "r")
            try:
                if f.mode == 'r':
                    f1 = f.readlines()
                    for x in f1:
                        self.level = int(x)
            finally:
                f.close()
        except IOError:
            print('Error')

        self.MAX_LEVEL = 3

    def increase_level(self):

        self.level += 1
        if(self.level >  self.MAX_LEVEL):
            self.game_manager.state = self.game_manager.WIN
            self.level = 1
            self.game_manager.setup(self.level)
        else:
            self.game_manager.state = self.game_manager.NEXT
            self.game_manager.setup(self.level)

    def get_level(self):

        return self.level

One thing you might have noticed from the top program is that we actually do not need to create loop when reading the content of the text file because it only consists of one line, the reason why we have created a loop is because we will have more than one line of game level in the future so we do need this loop and we will further modify this loop content in the future.

The last part is to edit the game manager class which will rewrite the game level to the text file each time the user has clicked on the home button on the pause scene to get back to the main game page.

from Player import Player
from Background import Background
from EnemyManager import EnemyManager
from Overlap import Overlap
from ExplosionManager import ExplosionManager
from Score import Score
from StartScene import StartScene
from pygame.locals import *
from LevelManager import LevelManager
import pygame
import webbrowser
import os

class GameManager(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.scene = scene
        self.start_scene = StartScene(scene)
        self.load_music()
        self.play_music()
        self.overlap_manager = Overlap()
        self.level_manager = LevelManager(self)

        self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

        self.pause = False # flag to pause the game

        #game state
        self.LOAD = 0
        self.GAME = 1
        self.OVER = 2
        self.NEXT = 3
        self.WIN = 4
        self.ABOUT = 5
        self.MANUAL = 6
        self.PAUSE = 7

        self.state = self.LOAD

    def setup(self, game_level):

        self.game_level = game_level
        self.score_manager = Score(self.scene)
        self.background = Background(self.scene)
        self.player = Player(self.scene)
        self.enemy_manager = EnemyManager(self.scene, self.player, game_level)
        self.explosion_manager = ExplosionManager(self.scene)

    def loop(self):

        if(self.state == self.LOAD or self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL):

            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)

        elif(self.state == self.GAME):

            self.update()
            self.draw()

        elif(self.state == self.PAUSE):

            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)

    def isAreaClick(self, pos):
        if (self.state == self.LOAD or self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.PAUSE):
            self.rect = Rect(177, 274, 306, 112) # the position of the play button on the scene
            self.rect_play = Rect(229, 200, 200, 53)  # the position of the play button on the home scene
            self.rect_about = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the about button on the home scene
            self.rect_pause_home = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the home button on pause scene
            self.rect_manual = Rect(229, 393, 200, 53)  # the position of the manual button on the home scene
            self.rect_back = Rect(10, 620, 40, 30)  # the position of the back button on the home scene
            self.rect_sound = Rect(10, 620, 29, 30) # the position of the sound button on the home scene
            x, y = pos
            if(self.rect.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN)):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif(self.rect_play.collidepoint(x,y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_play.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.PAUSE):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_about.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.ABOUT
            elif (self.rect_pause_home.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.PAUSE):

                self.state = self.LOAD
                self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

                try:
                    f = open("level.txt", "w+")
                    try:
                        f.write(str(self.level_manager.get_level()))
                    finally:
                        f.close()
                except IOError:
                    print ('cannot open the file')

            elif (self.rect_manual.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                webbrowser.open_new('http://gamingdirectional.com/')
            elif (self.rect_back.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL)):
                self.state = self.LOAD
            elif (self.rect_sound.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):

                if(self.start_scene.soundon == True):
                    self.start_scene.soundon = False
                    pygame.mixer_music.pause()
                else:
                    self.start_scene.soundon = True
                    pygame.mixer_music.unpause()

    def set_pause(self, pause):

        self.pause = pause

        if(self.pause == True):

            self.state = self.PAUSE

    def load_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.load('Music/winternight.ogg')

    def play_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.play(-1) #play the music infinite time

    def set_player_x(self, _x):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setX(_x)

    def set_player_y(self, _y):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setY(_y)

    def set_missile_strike(self, strike):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setStrike(strike)

    def update(self):
        self.player.update()
        self.enemy_manager.update()
        self.isOverlap()
        self.explosion_manager.explosion_update()

    # check for player, enemy, missiles overlap
    def isOverlap(self):
        self.overlap_manager.isOverlap(self.player, self.enemy_manager, self.explosion_manager, self.score_manager, self)

    def draw(self):
        if(self.state == self.GAME):
            self.background.draw()
            self.player.draw()
            self.enemy_manager.draw()
            self.explosion_manager.draw()
            self.score_manager.draw()
            pygame.display.flip()

That is basically it, in the next chapter we will work on the score scene where the program will list out 5 highest levels that the player has achieved with the help of the level.text file which we have just created earlier in this chapter.

Create the pause scene for the game

In this article we will create a pause scene for our ongoing pygame project. When a user presses the p key on his keyboard during the game, the game will pause and the pause scene will appear. When he presses the play button on the pause scene the game will resume. We need to modify three files in order to include this scene into the game. The first file to edit is the main project file which we will include in an extra mechanism to detect the p key pressed event.

import sys, pygame
from pygame.locals import *
from GameManager import GameManager

pygame.init()

size = width, height = 660, 660
pygame.display.set_caption("Air Strike") # set the title of the window
screen = pygame.display.set_mode(size)

game_manager = GameManager(screen)

while True:

    for event in pygame.event.get():

        if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
            pygame.mixer_music.stop()
            sys.exit()

        # detect key press event
        if event.type == KEYDOWN:

            if(game_manager.state == 1):
                if event.key == K_LEFT:
                    game_manager.set_player_x(-0.1)
                elif event.key == K_RIGHT:
                    game_manager.set_player_x(0.1)

                if event.key == K_UP:
                    game_manager.set_player_y(-0.1)
                elif event.key == K_DOWN:
                    game_manager.set_player_y(0.1)

                if event.key == K_SPACE:
                    game_manager.set_missile_strike(True)

                if event.key == K_p :
                    game_manager.set_pause(True) # set the pause state to true

        elif event.type == KEYUP:

            if (game_manager.state == 1):
                if event.key == K_LEFT:
                    game_manager.set_player_x(0)
                elif event.key == K_RIGHT:
                    game_manager.set_player_x(0)

                if event.key == K_UP:
                    game_manager.set_player_y(0)
                elif event.key == K_DOWN:
                    game_manager.set_player_y(0)

                if event.key == K_SPACE:
                    game_manager.set_missile_strike(False)

        elif event.type == pygame.MOUSEBUTTONDOWN:
            # 1 is the left mouse button
            if event.button == 1:
                game_manager.isAreaClick(event.pos)

    game_manager.loop()

The next file needs to edit is the start scene file where we will include in the pause scene to the start scene class.

from BgSprite import BgSprite
from GameSprite import GameSprite
from pygame.locals import *
from pygame import math as mt
import pygame

class StartScene(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):
        self.scene = scene
        self.play_button = 'Asset/play.png'
        self.about_button  = 'Asset/about.png'
        self.score_button = 'Asset/score.png'
        self.home_button = 'Asset/back.png'
        self.button_image = 'Asset/button_play.png'
        self.manual_button = 'Asset/manual.png'
        self.bg_image = 'Asset/start.png'
        self.over_image = 'Asset/ove.png'
        self.next_image = 'Asset/next.png'
        self.win_image = 'Asset/winn.png'
        self.general_image = 'Asset/general.png'
        self.about_page = 'Asset/about_page.png'
        self.manual_page = 'Asset/manual_page.png'
        self.soundon = 'Asset/sound.png'
        self.soundoff = 'Asset/soundoff.png'
        self.bg_rect = Rect(0, 0, 660, 660)
        self.button_rect = Rect(0, 0,  306, 112)
        self.home_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 200, 53)
        self.back_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 40, 30)
        self.sound_button_rect = Rect(0, 0, 29, 30)

        self.sprite = BgSprite(self.bg_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_about = BgSprite(self.about_page, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_manual = BgSprite(self.manual_page, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_win = BgSprite(self.win_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_over = BgSprite(self.over_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_next = BgSprite(self.next_image, self.bg_rect)
        self.sprite_pause = BgSprite(self.general_image, self.bg_rect)

        self.soundon_button = GameSprite(self.soundon, self.sound_button_rect)
        self.soundoff_button = GameSprite(self.soundoff, self.sound_button_rect)

        self.soundoff_button_surface = self.soundoff_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.soundon_button_surface = self.soundon_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface

        self.sprite_button = GameSprite(self.button_image, self.button_rect)
        self.sprite_manual_button = GameSprite(self.manual_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_play_button = GameSprite(self.play_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_about_button = GameSprite(self.about_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_score_button = GameSprite(self.score_button, self.home_button_rect)
        self.sprite_home_button = GameSprite(self.home_button, self.back_button_rect)
        self.about_surface = self.sprite_about.getImage()  # get the about sprite surface
        self.manual_surface = self.sprite_manual.getImage()  # get the manual sprite surface
        self.win_surface = self.sprite_win.getImage()  # get the win sprite surface
        self.next_surface = self.sprite_next.getImage()  # get the next level sprite surface
        self.over_surface = self.sprite_over.getImage()  # get the game over sprite surface
        self.pause_surface = self.sprite_pause.getImage()  # get the pause sprite surface
        self.surface = self.sprite.getImage()  # get the start scene sprite surface
        self.button_surface = self.sprite_button.getImage() # get the button sprite surface
        self.play_button_surface = self.sprite_play_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.about_button_surface = self.sprite_about_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.score_button_surface = self.sprite_score_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.manual_button_surface = self.sprite_manual_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.home_button_surface = self.sprite_home_button.getImage()  # get the button sprite surface
        self.draw_pos = mt.Vector2(0, 0)
        self.draw_button_pos = mt.Vector2(177, 274)
        self.draw_play_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 200)
        self.draw_about_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 263)
        self.draw_score_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 328)
        self.draw_manual_button_pos = mt.Vector2(229, 393)
        self.draw_back_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

        self.draw_sound_button_pos = mt.Vector2(10, 620)

        self.soundon = True

    def draw(self, state):

        if(state == 0):
            self.scene.blit(self.surface, self.draw_pos) # draw a start scene sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.play_button_surface, self.draw_play_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.about_button_surface, self.draw_about_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.score_button_surface, self.draw_score_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.manual_button_surface, self.draw_manual_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            if(self.soundon == True):
                self.scene.blit(self.soundon_button_surface, self.draw_sound_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
            else:
                self.scene.blit(self.soundoff_button_surface, self.draw_sound_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite
        elif(state == 2):
            self.scene.blit(self.over_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a game over sprite

        elif (state == 3):
            self.scene.blit(self.next_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a next level sprite

        elif(state == 4):
            self.scene.blit(self.win_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a win sprite

        elif (state == 5):
            self.scene.blit(self.about_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a about sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 6):
            self.scene.blit(self.manual_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a manual sprite
            self.scene.blit(self.home_button_surface, self.draw_back_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        elif (state == 7):
            self.scene.blit(self.pause_surface, self.draw_pos)  # draw a game over sprite

        if(state == 2 or state == 3 or state == 4 or state == 7):
            self.scene.blit(self.button_surface, self.draw_button_pos)  # draw a button sprite

        pygame.display.flip()

The final class which we need to edit is the game manager class where we need to include in the pause game state as well as to adjust the related methods to match this new state, for example shows the pause scene when the game is in the pause state.

from Player import Player
from Background import Background
from EnemyManager import EnemyManager
from Overlap import Overlap
from ExplosionManager import ExplosionManager
from Score import Score
from StartScene import StartScene
from pygame.locals import *
from LevelManager import LevelManager
import pygame
import webbrowser

class GameManager(object):

    def __init__(self, scene):

        self.scene = scene
        self.start_scene = StartScene(scene)
        self.load_music()
        self.play_music()
        self.overlap_manager = Overlap()
        self.level_manager = LevelManager(self)

        self.setup(self.level_manager.get_level())

        self.pause = False # flag to pause the game

        #game state
        self.LOAD = 0
        self.GAME = 1
        self.OVER = 2
        self.NEXT = 3
        self.WIN = 4
        self.ABOUT = 5
        self.MANUAL = 6
        self.PAUSE = 7

        self.state = self.LOAD

    def setup(self, game_level):

        self.game_level = game_level
        self.score_manager = Score(self.scene)
        self.background = Background(self.scene)

        self.player = Player(self.scene)
        self.enemy_manager = EnemyManager(self.scene, self.player, game_level)
        self.explosion_manager = ExplosionManager(self.scene)

    def loop(self):

        if(self.state == self.LOAD or self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL):

            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)

        elif(self.state == self.GAME):

            self.update()
            self.draw()

        elif(self.state == self.PAUSE):

            self.draw()

    def isAreaClick(self, pos):
        if (self.state == self.LOAD or self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL or self.state == self.PAUSE):
            self.rect = Rect(177, 274, 306, 112) # the position of the play button on the scene
            self.rect_play = Rect(229, 200, 200, 53)  # the position of the play button on the home scene
            self.rect_about = Rect(229, 263, 200, 53)  # the position of the about button on the home scene
            self.rect_manual = Rect(229, 393, 200, 53)  # the position of the manual button on the home scene
            self.rect_back = Rect(10, 620, 40, 30)  # the position of the back button on the home scene
            self.rect_sound = Rect(10, 620, 29, 30) # the position of the sound button on the home scene
            x, y = pos
            if(self.rect.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.OVER or self.state == self.NEXT or self.state == self.WIN or self.state == self.PAUSE)):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif(self.rect_play.collidepoint(x,y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.GAME
            elif (self.rect_about.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                self.state = self.ABOUT
            elif (self.rect_manual.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):
                #self.state = self.MANUAL
                webbrowser.open_new('http://gamingdirectional.com/')
            elif (self.rect_back.collidepoint(x, y) and (self.state == self.ABOUT or self.state == self.MANUAL)):
                self.state = self.LOAD
            elif (self.rect_sound.collidepoint(x, y) and self.state == self.LOAD):

                if(self.start_scene.soundon == True):
                    self.start_scene.soundon = False
                    pygame.mixer_music.pause()
                else:
                    self.start_scene.soundon = True
                    pygame.mixer_music.unpause()

    def set_pause(self, pause):

        self.pause = pause

        if(self.pause == True):

            self.state = self.PAUSE

    def load_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.load('Music/winternight.ogg')

    def play_music(self):
        pygame.mixer_music.play(-1) #play the music infinite time

    def set_player_x(self, _x):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setX(_x)

    def set_player_y(self, _y):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setY(_y)

    def set_missile_strike(self, strike):
        if (self.state == self.GAME):
            self.player.setStrike(strike)

    def update(self):
        self.player.update()
        self.enemy_manager.update()
        self.isOverlap()
        self.explosion_manager.explosion_update()

    # check for player, enemy, missiles overlap
    def isOverlap(self):
        self.overlap_manager.isOverlap(self.player, self.enemy_manager, self.explosion_manager, self.score_manager, self)

    def draw(self):
        if(self.state == self.GAME):
            self.background.draw()
            self.player.draw()
            self.enemy_manager.draw()
            self.explosion_manager.draw()
            self.score_manager.draw()
        elif(self.state == self.PAUSE):
            self.start_scene.draw(self.state)
        pygame.display.flip()

That is it, now we are ready for the next lesson which will further deal with the game scenes.

Create the third level for this pygame project

In this article we are going to create the third level for our pygame project after we have created the previous two levels, the reason I create the third game level in this chapter is because this level is different from the second level which is only using the same enemy class to generate different type of enemy ship. In this chapter we are going to create a new enemy class which will act differently as compared with the previous enemy class.

We will create a new enemy object which moves from side to side and shoots three missiles at the same time, we can add in more features to this new enemy class later on but for now lets just create a simple one first.

from pygame import math as mt
from Objectpool import Objectpool

class Enemy1(object):

    def __init__(self, enemy_surface, x, y):

        self.on = True
        self.enemy_surface = enemy_surface
        self.x = x
        self.y = y
        self.hit = False
        self.direction = True
        self.enemy_pos = mt.Vector2(self.x, self.y)
        self.missile_count = 10
        self.missile_timer = 0
        self.missile_object_pool = Objectpool(self.missile_count)
        self.missile_list = []

    def update(self):
        if(self.direction == True):
            self.x += 0.1
        else:
            self.x -= 0.1
        self.enemy_pos = mt.Vector2(self.x, self.y)
        self.missile_update(self.missile_object_pool)

    def missile_update(self, pool):

        for item in list(self.missile_list):
            if (item.on == False):
                self.missile_list.remove(item)
                pool.recycle(item)
            else:
                item.update()

    def missile_draw(self, scene): # draw enemy missiles on game scene
        for item in list(self.missile_list):
            scene.blit(item.missile_surface, item.missile_pos)


    def create_enemy_missile(self, enemy_missile_manager):

        if(self.missile_timer > 300):

            self.missile_timer = 0

            if (self.missile_object_pool.getSize() > 0):
                enemy_missile_manager.create_missile(self.x + 3, self.y + 100, self.missile_object_pool, self.missile_list)
                enemy_missile_manager.create_missile(self.x + 50, self.y + 100, self.missile_object_pool, self.missile_list)
                enemy_missile_manager.create_missile(self.x + 100, self.y + 100, self.missile_object_pool, self.missile_list)
            else:
                enemy_missile_manager.create_missile(self.x + 3, self.y + 100, None, self.missile_list)
                enemy_missile_manager.create_missile(self.x + 50, self.y + 100, None, self.missile_list)
                enemy_missile_manager.create_missile(self.x + 100, self.y + 100, None, self.missile_list)

        else:

            self.missile_timer += 1

Next is to edit the enemy manager class by adding in the level three scene’s objects.

from Enemy import Enemy
from GameSprite import GameSprite
from pygame.locals import *
from EnemyMissileManager import EnemyMissileManager
import random
from Objectpool import Objectpool
from Enemy1 import Enemy1

class EnemyManager(object):

    def __init__(self, scene, player, game_level):

        self.enemy_missile_manager = EnemyMissileManager()
        self.scene = scene
        self.player = player
        self.enemy_count = 10
        self.horizontal_enemy_count = 1
        self.missile_count = 60
        self.enemy_list = []
        self.horizontal_enemy_list = []
        self.image = 'Asset/enemy0.png'
        self.image1 =  'Asset/enemy1.png'
        self.image2 = 'Asset/enemy2.png'
        self.width = 30
        self.height = 30
        self.width1 = 130
        self.height1 = 130
        self.rect = Rect(0, 0, self.width, self.height)
        self.rect1 = Rect(0, 0, self.width1, self.height1)
        self.more_enemy = 0
        self.y = -50
        self.boundary_width = 660
        self.boundary_height = 660
        self.object_pool = Objectpool(self.enemy_count)
        self.horizontal_object_pool = Objectpool(self.horizontal_enemy_count)
        self.next_enemy = 0
        self.level = game_level

        # initialize game sprite object
        self.sprite = GameSprite(self.image, self.rect)
        self.sprite1 = GameSprite(self.image1, self.rect)
        self.sprite2 = GameSprite(self.image2, self.rect1)

    def create_enemy(self, x, y):

        if(self.enemy_count > 0):

            if(self.object_pool.getSize() > 0): # get the ship from object pool if the pool is not empty
                self.enemy_list.append(self.object_pool.obtain())
            else: # objects setup based on the level of the game
                if(self.level == 1):
                    self.enemy_surface = self.sprite.getImage()
                elif(self.level == 2 or self.level == 3):
                    if(self.next_enemy == 0):
                        self.enemy_surface = self.sprite.getImage()
                        self.next_enemy += 1
                    elif(self.next_enemy == 1):
                        self.enemy_surface = self.sprite1.getImage()
                        self.next_enemy = 0
                self.enemy_list.append(Enemy(self.enemy_surface, x, y))
            self.enemy_count -= 1

    def create_horizontal_enemy(self, x, y):

        if (self.horizontal_enemy_count > 0):

            if (self.horizontal_object_pool.getSize() > 0):  # get the ship from object pool if the pool is not empty
                self.horizontal_enemy_list.append(self.horizontal_object_pool.obtain())
            else:  # objects setup based on the level of the game
                if (self.level == 3):
                    self.enemy_surface1 = self.sprite2.getImage()
                self.horizontal_enemy_list.append(Enemy1(self.enemy_surface1, x, y))
            self.horizontal_enemy_count -= 1


    def update(self):

        if (self.level == 1 or self.level == 2):

            if (self.more_enemy > 600):
                self.more_enemy = 0
                x = random.randint(30, self.boundary_width - 50)
                self.create_enemy(x , self.y)  # create more enemy
            else:
                self.more_enemy += 1 # increase time

        elif(self.level == 3):

            if (self.more_enemy > 600):
                self.more_enemy = 0
                x = random.randint(30, self.boundary_width - 50)
                self.create_enemy(x , self.y)  # create more enemy
            else:
                self.more_enemy += 1 # increase time

            if(self.horizontal_enemy_count > 0):
                self.create_horizontal_enemy(-130, 200)  # create new enemy


        self.enemy_update()
        self.check_boundary()
        self.create_enemy_missile()

    def create_enemy_missile(self):

        for item in list(self.enemy_list):

            if(self.player.pos.y - item.y  < 100 and abs(self.player.pos.x - item.x) < 60 ):

                item.create_enemy_missile(self.enemy_missile_manager)

        if(self.level == 3):

            for item in list(self.horizontal_enemy_list):
                item.create_enemy_missile(self.enemy_missile_manager)

    def enemy_update(self):

        for item in list(self.enemy_list):

            if(item.on == False):
                self.enemy_list.remove(item)
                self.enemy_count += 1
                item.y = self.y
                item.on = True
                self.object_pool.recycle(item)
            else:
                 item.update()

        if (self.level == 3):

            for item in list(self.horizontal_enemy_list):
                if (item.on == False):
                    self.horizontal_enemy_list.remove(item)
                    self.horizontal_enemy_count += 1
                    item.y = 220
                    item.x = -130
                    item.on = True
                    self.horizontal_object_pool.recycle(item)
                else:
                    item.update()

    # check the boundary of the enemy ship with the game scene area
    def check_boundary(self):

        for i in range(len(self.enemy_list)):
            if (self.enemy_list[i].y > self.boundary_height):
                self.enemy_list[i].on = False

        if (self.level == 3):
            for i in range(len(self.horizontal_enemy_list)):
                if (self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].x > self.boundary_width):
                    self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].direction = False
                elif(self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].x <= -130):
                    self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].direction = True

    def draw(self):

        # blit the enemy and enemy missiles on  the scene
        for i in range(len(self.enemy_list)):
            self.scene.blit(self.enemy_list[i].enemy_surface, self.enemy_list[i].enemy_pos)
            self.enemy_list[i].missile_draw(self.scene)

        if(self.level == 3):
            for i in range(len(self.horizontal_enemy_list)):
                self.scene.blit(self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].enemy_surface, self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].enemy_pos)
                self.horizontal_enemy_list[i].missile_draw(self.scene)

We also need to edit the overlap class which will now take level three into consideration.

from pygame.locals import *

class Overlap(object):

    def __init__(self):
        pass # nothing here

    # is player and enemy, player missile, enemy missile overlap
    def isOverlap(self, player, em, ex, score, gm):

        self.checkOverlap(em.enemy_list, player, ex, gm, score, em.width, em.height, em.enemy_missile_manager.width, em.enemy_missile_manager.height, None)

        if(gm.level_manager.get_level() == 3):
            self.checkOverlap(em.horizontal_enemy_list, player, ex, gm, score, em.width1, em.height1, em.enemy_missile_manager.width, em.enemy_missile_manager.height, gm.level_manager.get_level())

    def checkOverlap(self, e_list, player, ex, gm, score, width, height, m_width, m_height, level):

        self.player_rect = Rect(player.pos.x, player.pos.y, player.width, player.height)

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is player collides with enemy

            self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y, width, height)
            if (self.player_rect.colliderect(self.em_rect)):
                e_list[i].on = False
                if (e_list[i].hit == False):
                    ex.create_explosion(player.pos.x + 2, player.pos.y + 2)
                    e_list[i].hit = True
                    gm.state = gm.OVER
                    gm.setup(gm.level_manager.get_level())

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is enemy missile hits player

            for j in range(len(e_list[i].missile_list)):
                self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].missile_list[j].x, e_list[i].missile_list[j].y,
                                    m_width, m_height)
                if (self.player_rect.colliderect(self.em_rect)):
                    e_list[i].missile_list[j].on = False
                    ex.create_explosion(player.pos.x + 2, player.pos.y + 2)
                    score.set_score(-1)
                    if (score.score < 0):
                        gm.state = gm.OVER
                        gm.setup(gm.level_manager.get_level())

        for i in range(len(e_list)):  # is player missile hits enemy

            self.em_rect = Rect(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y, width, height)

            for j in range(len(player.getMissileManager().missile_list)):

                self.mm_rect = Rect(player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].x,
                                    player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].y, player.getMissileManager().width,
                                    player.getMissileManager().height)

                if (self.em_rect.colliderect(self.mm_rect)):
                    e_list[i].on = False
                    player.getMissileManager().missile_list[j].on = False
                    if (e_list[i].hit == False):
                        ex.create_explosion(e_list[i].x, e_list[i].y + 2)
                        e_list[i].hit = True

                        if(level == 3):
                            score.set_score(10)
                        else:
                            score.set_score(1)
                        if (score.score >= gm.level_manager.get_level() * 30):
                            gm.level_manager.increase_level()

Here is what level 3 looks like.

Now we have concluded the game level related topics and we will create the about scene and the credit scene in the next chapter.